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The flue family developed out of the "Flauto transverso" from the renaissance and baroque periods. The concert flute, which was developed first, consists of a long cylindrical (though slightly conical) tube with holes cut into it. Fingers covered the keys to change the pitch, which later was automated with a more reliable system of keys where pads would cover far more holes after the instrument was made completely chromatic. The flute is held perpendicular to the face and the mouth blows wind directly across.
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